It is likely that the water crisis will have a short- to medium-term impact on the national economy. Western Cape accounts for 13.3 per cent of national GDP. The province contributes about 21 per cent of South Africa’s agricultural output, and accounts for 45-60 per cent of agricultural exports.
What are impacts of water scarcity?
The impacts of water scarcity affect families and their communities. Without clean, easily accessible water, they can become locked in poverty for generations. Children drop out of school and parents struggle to make a living.
How will the impact of water scarcity affect the poor?
However, water scarcity leads to declining water quality and pollution, which has an especially adverse impact on the poor. Many (perhaps most) of the poorest people in developing countries are forced to drink water that is unfit for human consumption. They suffer from a range of skin related and other health problems.
What are the causes and effects of water scarcity?
Some of the contributing factors to water scarcity are climate change, water overuse, and increased pollution. Many areas around the globe are affected by this phenomenon, and about 2.7 billion people experience water scarcity each and every year.
Why is water scarcity such a problem in Africa?
The main causes of water scarcity in Africa are physical and economic scarcity, rapid population growth, and climate change. … Although Sub-Saharan Africa has a plentiful supply of rainwater, it is seasonal and unevenly distributed, leading to frequent floods and droughts.
How does water pollution impact the development of Africa?
Effects of Water Pollution on Africa
‘ Water scarcity, coupled with poor sanitation practices, has resulted in an abundance of illnesses, diseases, and deaths. Water scarcity can lead to a variety of waterborne tropical diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, dysentery, and diarrheal illnesses.
How does water scarcity affect the economy?
Water scarcity, exacerbated by climate change, could cost some regions up to 6% of their GDP, spur migration, and spark conflict. … These regions could see their growth rates decline by as much as 6% of GDP by 2050 due to water-related impacts on agriculture, health, and incomes.
What causes water scarcity in South Africa?
In South Africa the scarce fresh water is decreasing in quality because of an increase in pollution and the destruction of river catchments, caused by urbanisation, deforestation, damming of rivers, destruction of wetlands, industry, mining, agriculture, energy use and accidental water pollution.
How does water scarcity affect the government?
Globally, water scarcity is driving economic, social, political, and security concerns, as “disruptions in sustainable supplies and distribution of potable water and conflicts over water resources become major security issues for Government officials.” More than mere disruption, however, in some cases, water …