Africa seemed to be out of harm’s way and had an abundance of raw materials from which Europe could make money from. Due to cheap labour of Africans, Europeans easily acquired products like oil, ivory, rubber, palm oil, wood, cotton and gum.
Why did Europe want raw materials from Africa?
Why did European nations want raw materials from Africa? During the Industrial Revolution, Europeans needed materials such as coal and metals to manufacture goods. These needs fueled Europeans’ desire for land with plentiful natural resources—resources that were available in Africa.
What are resources that come out of Africa?
Africa is abundant with natural resources, including diamonds, gold, oil, natural gas, uranium, platinum, copper, cobalt, iron, bauxite and cocoa beans.
What were the 3 main reasons for European imperialism in Africa?
The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution.
Why did Europe invade Africa?
Europe saw the colonization of Africa as an opportunity to acquire a surplus population, thus settler colonies were created. With this invasion, many European countries saw Africa as being available to their disposal.
What has Africa contributed to the world?
Many advances in metallurgy and tool making were made across the entirety of ancient Africa. These include steam engines, metal chisels and saws, copper and iron tools and weapons, nails, glue, carbon steel and bronze weapons and art (2, 7).
What are the 3 main resources in Africa?
The largest reserves of cobalt, diamonds, platinum and uranium in the world are in Africa.
What are Europe’s natural resources?
The natural resources of northern Europe are largely in metals such as bauxite (to make aluminum), copper and iron ore. Some northern European countries such as Denmark have some reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Germany has large coal reserves, as well as nickel and lignite (or brown coal, similar to peat).
Why did Africa not develop like Europe?
Large parts of the continent were essentially uninhabitable for Europeans because of their high mortality rates from tropical diseases such as malaria. … Even as late as the 1870s, Europeans controlled only ten percent of the African continent, with all their territories located near the coast.
What European industries benefited from African resources?
The European industries that benefited from African resources were the textile industries, the food producing industries, the electrical industries, and the weapon industry.
What two factors in Africa made it vulnerable to European conquest?
Note two factors within Africa that made it vulnerable to European conquest. Many languages and cultures, Lack of technology, and Traditional rivalries.
What resources did France get from Africa?
In exchange for military protection against attempted coups and the payment of hefty kickbacks, African leaders guaranteed French companies access to strategic resources such as diamonds, ores, uranium, gas and oil.
What impact did Europe’s African trade have on the world?
‘European trading had a transforming impact on Africa. Europeans poured into Africa enormous volumes of commerce, the whole range of European manufactured goods and hardware, notably firearms, luxury goods (especially alcohol) and transhipped items from Asia (particularly textiles).
How did Europe colonize the world?
Western colonialism, a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. The age of modern colonialism began about 1500, following the European discoveries of a sea route around Africa’s southern coast (1488) and of America (1492).