In Nigeria, the Land Use Decree of 1978 empowered local, state and national. government administrators to regulate the occupancy, use and transfer of land in. the name of greater equality and national ‘economic development,.2. 1.
What is meant by land reform?
land reform, a purposive change in the way in which agricultural land is held or owned, the methods of cultivation that are employed, or the relation of agriculture to the rest of the economy. Reforms such as these may be proclaimed by a government, by interested groups, or by revolution.
What are the rationale for land reform in Nigeria?
equitable income distribution, a wider and more relevant demand structure for the growing manufacturing sector, a better base for farm financed welfare, and more rational investment policies in both the agricultural and nonagricultural sectors of the economy.
What is the main aim of land reform?
LEGISLATION AND POLICIES
The Land Reform Programme has three primary aims: 1. To promote social and economic development by improving access to land; 2. To provide households with an opportunity to engage in productive land use; and, 3.
What is an example of land reform?
The most discussed examples of successful land reform are Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand.
What are the benefits of land reform?
Land reform can generate sustainable livelihoods for the beneficiaries. If viewed as a project, the NPV of the reform is positive for a discount rate that is as high as 20%. The project can also increase employment in the agricultural sector. The analysis takes a long-run perspective, covering a 15-year period.
Why were the land reforms introduced?
Objectives of Land Reforms
Facilitating optimum agricultural produce with healthy and economic practices. Ensuring social and economic justice for previous violations of the tiller’s rights. Uniform ownership of land would prevent the exploitation of tenant farmers and will help in reducing rural poverty.
Do we need land reform?
The three most important reasons for land reform at the economic level are: 1. To raise agricultural productivity; 2. To strengthen food security and to lessen poverty for rural households; and 3.
Why were land reforms necessary in Africa?
Land reform is necessary in post-apartheid South Africa to help address inherited historical injustices, especially those resulting from land dispossession of the black majority. … It also creates secure rights to land held by the black majority.
What is land tenure?
3.1 Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. … Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies.
Who are the beneficiaries of land reform?
Qualified beneficiaries are farmers, tillers or farmworkers who are landless or who own less than three (3) hectares of agricultural lands; Filipino citizens; residents of the barangay (or the municipality if there are not enough qualified beneficiaries in the barangay) where the landholding is located; at least …
What are the types of land reform?
There are six main categories of reforms:
- Abolition of intermediaries (rent collectors under the pre-Independence land revenue system);
- Tenancy regulation (to improve the contractual terms including the security of tenure);
- A ceiling on landholdings (to redistributing surplus land to the landless);
What are the elements of land reform?
Land reform consists of three components : reform of the land tenurial structure, reform of the production structure and reform of the supporting services structure. The landtenurial structure deals with land rights and land ownership. Land rights can take several forms. The most preferred is owner-cultivatorship.