When the NP came to power in 1948 (making it the first all-Afrikaner cabinet since 1910), there were two uppermost priorities which it was determined to fulfill: Find a solution to the racial problem. Lead South Africa to independence and republican status.
Who led the National Party in South Africa in 1948?
They represented a turning point in the country’s history, as despite receiving just under half of the votes cast, the United Party and its leader, incumbent Prime Minister Jan Smuts, were ousted by the Herenigde Nasionale Party (HNP) led by D. F. Malan, a Dutch Reformed cleric.
What happened in 1960 South Africa?
Sharpeville massacre, (March 21, 1960), incident in the Black township of Sharpeville, near Vereeniging, South Africa, in which police fired on a crowd of Black people, killing or wounding some 250 of them. It was one of the first and most violent demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa.
What type of government did South Africa have from 1948 to 1994?
Apartheid, the Afrikaans name given by the white-ruled South Africa’s Nationalist Party in 1948 to the country’s harsh, institutionalized system of racial segregation, came to an end in the early 1990s in a series of steps that led to the formation of a democratic government in 1994.
When was the National Party founded?
The 1970 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 18 June 1970. It resulted in a surprise victory for the Conservative Party under leader Edward Heath, which defeated the governing Labour Party under Harold Wilson.
How was apartheid introduced in South Africa?
The Great Depression and World War II brought increasing economic woes to South Africa, and convinced the government to strengthen its policies of racial segregation. In 1948, the Afrikaner National Party won the general election under the slogan “apartheid” (literally “apartness”).
What was South Africa called before South Africa?
The name “South Africa” is derived from the country’s geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
Who ruled South Africa until 1961?
Union of South Africa
|Union of South Africa Unie van Zuid-Afrika (Dutch) Unie van Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans)|
|• 1936||Edward VIII|
|• 1936–1952||George VI|
|• 1952–1961 (last)||Elizabeth II|
When were political parties banned in South Africa?
Banning was a repressive and extrajudicial measure used by the South African apartheid regime (1948–1994) against its political opponents. The legislative authority for banning orders was firstly the Suppression of Communism Act, 1950, which defined virtually all opposition to apartheid as communism.
Who ruled South Africa before 1994?
The two European countries who occupied the land were the Netherlands (1652-1795 and 1803-1806) and Great Britain (1795-1803 and 1806-1961). Although South Africa became a Union with its own white people government in 1910, the country was still regarded as a colony of Britain till 1961.
What was South Africa before 1994?
Apartheid is the name of the racial institution that was established in 1948 by the National Party that governed South Africa until 1994.
What was going on in South Africa in 1994?
1994 in South Africa saw the transition from South Africa’s National Party government who had ruled the country since 1948 and had advocated the apartheid system for most of its history, to the African National Congress (ANC) who had been outlawed in South Africa since the 1950s for its opposition to apartheid.
Who founded the National Party?
The National Party of Australia (NPA), also known as The Nationals or The Nats, is an Australian political party. Traditionally representing graziers, farmers, and regional voters generally, it began as the Australian Country Party (ACP) in 1920 at a federal level.
Which party is national party?
|Bharatiya Janata Party English: Indian People’s Party||BJP||6 April 1980|
|Communist Party of India||CPI||26 December 1925|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||CPI(M)||7 November 1964|
|Indian National Congress||INC||28 December 1885|