Since the Islamist group Boko Haram launched its first attacks in 2009, close to two million people have fled their homes in the three states of north-east Nigeria.
When did Boko Haram first strike in Nigeria?
One early operation that garnered widespread attention occurred in September 2010, when the group attacked a prison in the city of Bauchi, in Bauchi state, and released more than 700 inmates, including some 100 Boko Haram members.
When did Boko Haram attack?
In June 2011, Boko Haram militants bombed the police headquarters in Abuja, and finally, carried out the suicide attack against the Abuja U.N. headquarters 2 months later. Residents in northern Nigeria live in extreme poverty.
Who started Boko Haram in Nigeria?
Founding. Mohammed Yusuf founded the sect that became known as Boko Haram in 2002 in Maiduguri, the capital of the north-eastern state of Borno. He established a religious complex and school that attracted poor Muslim families from across Nigeria and neighbouring countries.
When did Boko Haram conflict start?
2009 Boko Haram uprising
When the government came into action, several members of the group were arrested in Bauchi, sparking deadly clashes with Nigerian security forces in Bauchi, Maiduguri in Borno State, Potiskum in Yobe State and Wudil in Kano State – which led to the deaths of an estimated 700 people.
When did Boko Haram started in Maiduguri?
Boko Haram formed in 2002 when Mohammed Yusuf, a well-known preacher and proselytizer of the Izala sect of Islam in the Maiduguri region of Nigeria, began to radicalize his discourse to reject all secular aspects of Nigerian society.
Is Maiduguri safe?
The city is heavily guarded and is seen as one of the safest places in the besieged state of Borno. But launching bombs from a distance enables militants to reach targets that they couldn’t otherwise access.
When did Boko Haram kidnap the schoolgirls?
Boko Haram was once largely unknown outside of Nigeria until its militants infamously abducted 276 schoolgirls from Chibok in Borno state in 2014, triggering the viral hashtag #BringBackOurGirls.
How many people have the Boko Haram killed 2021?
As of April 2021, over 100 girls were still missing, and six students were believed to have died.
States most affected by Boko Haram’s deadly attacks in Nigeria from 2011 to 2021.
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What does Boko Haram stand for?
Boko Haram — which translates literally to “Western education is forbidden” — has, since 2009, killed tens of thousands of people in Nigeria, and has displaced more than two million others. … Boko Haram arose in Nigeria’s northeast, which is mostly Muslim and has poor educational outcomes relative to the south.
What are Boko Haram fighting for?
Nigeria’s militant Islamist group Boko Haram is fighting to overthrow the government and create an Islamic state. The group has caused havoc in Africa’s most populous country through a campaign of bombings and attacks.
Who is Boko Haram leader?
In it, the leader of Islamic State West Africa Province, known as ISWAP, appeared to confirm that Abubakar Shekau, Boko Haram’s violent and erratic leader, killed himself rather than be taken prisoner in May. “Shekau preferred to be humiliated in the hereafter than on earth,” the voice in the recording says.
Is Boko Haram still active in Nigeria?
“Boko Haram has terrorized civilian populations in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger for more than a decade,” the spokesperson said, adding the U.S., “will continue to seek to help further develop the capabilities of the Nigerian security services to respond to these threats.”
What caused the Boko Haram insurgency?
The paper found that some of the causes of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria include but are not limited to unemployment, lack of proper education by majority of the youths and the high rate of poverty in the Northeast.
What did Boko Haram do to the schoolgirls?
How were they treated? Parkinson: The Boko Haram used physical and psychological torture. The girls were threatened and beaten. They were lied to, told their parents had been killed, that nobody cared.