A lack of clean water increases the risk of diarrhoeal diseases as cholera, typhoid fever and dysentery, and other water-borne tropical diseases. Water scarcity can also lead to diseases such as trachoma (an eye infection that can lead to blindness), plague and typhus.
What are the health impacts of water scarcity?
Water and health. Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks.
What are the causes and effects of water scarcity in Africa?
The main causes of water scarcity in Africa are physical and economic scarcity, rapid population growth, and climate change. Water scarcity is the lack of fresh water resources to meet the standard water demand.
What are the effects of water scarcity in Africa?
Water scarcity can also lead to diseases such as trachoma (an eye infection that can lead to blindness), plague and typhus. Water scarcity affects 1 in 3 people in the African Region and is getting worse with population growth, urbanization and increases in household and industrial uses.
What are the effects of water pollution in Africa?
Effects of Water Pollution on Africa
‘ Water scarcity, coupled with poor sanitation practices, has resulted in an abundance of illnesses, diseases, and deaths. Water scarcity can lead to a variety of waterborne tropical diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, dysentery, and diarrheal illnesses.
How will the impact of water scarcity affect the poor?
However, water scarcity leads to declining water quality and pollution, which has an especially adverse impact on the poor. Many (perhaps most) of the poorest people in developing countries are forced to drink water that is unfit for human consumption. They suffer from a range of skin related and other health problems.
Is there lack of water in Africa?
Of the 783 million people who are without access to clean water, 40% live in sub-Saharan Africa, and more than 320 million people lack access to safe drinking water. Poverty is a huge barrier to access to water and sanitation, and most of the world’s poorest countries are in sub-Saharan Africa.
What are the effects of water scarcity in South Africa?
It is likely that the water crisis will have a short- to medium-term impact on the national economy. Western Cape accounts for 13.3 per cent of national GDP. The province contributes about 21 per cent of South Africa’s agricultural output, and accounts for 45-60 per cent of agricultural exports.
What are the 5 effects of water pollution?
EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTION
- Destruction of biodiversity. Water pollution depletes aquatic ecosystems and triggers unbridled proliferation of phytoplankton in lakes — eutrophication —.
- Contamination of the food chain. …
- Lack of potable water. …
- Disease. …
- Infant mortality.
What is the effects of water?
Water helps dissolve minerals and nutrients, making them more accessible to the body. It also helps remove waste products. Share on Pinterest The kidneys play a key role in balancing fluid levels. These two functions make water vital to the kidneys.