Ghana is the world’s second largest cocoa exporter. But production has declined due to crop disease and extreme dry weather. An organization from the Netherlands is helping farmers to replace their old cocoa trees.
Why did the production of cocoa went down in Ghana?
The drop from an average of more than 450,000 tons per year to a low of 159,000 tons in 1983–84 has been attributed to aging trees, widespread disease, bad weather, and low producer prices.
What are the problems faced in cocoa production in Ghana?
The decline is partly a result of decreasing areas under cultivation. Another problem in cocoa production in Ghana is low yields per ha, which is attributed to the incidence of pests and diseases, a low producer price, and non-adoption of research recommendations.
In many countries, cocoa production is threatened by aging plantations, poor farm management, soil degradation and increasing pest and disease pressure.
What affects cocoa farmers in Ghana?
The regression analysis showed that land size, member of farmer association, experience in cocoa farming, awareness of organic cocoa and access to extension service are the main factors that influence cocoa farmers’ decision to adopt organic cocoa practices.
Why is cocoa production unsustainable?
SLOW FOOD. Global demand for cocoa is fast rising—and producers are struggling to keep pace. It can take an entire year for a cocoa tree to produce the cocoa in just half a pound of chocolate. Older trees also yield less cocoa, and most of the world’s cocoa plantations are well past their peak production years.
How was Ghana benefited from the cultivation of cocoa?
“Cocoa is a major source of foreign exchange for Ghana and foreign exchange is good for the country. Also, cocoa money is used for hospitals and roads for the benefit of the country. Cocoa is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy.” (Male FGD participants, Western Region).
What is greatest threat to chocolate production?
Scobey has identified four main challenges facing the cocoa supply chain: Sustainable livelihoods for farmers. Climate change and deforestation. Child labor.
What’s wrong with the chocolate industry?
Cocoa production is beset by complex economic, social, and environmental problems, including poverty, child labor, and deforestation. Governments, nonprofits, manufacturers, and others have endeavored to tackle these issues—and none has wholly succeeded.
What were the major problems faced by the cultivators of Ghana?
Upon speaking to the farmers, the group of students have identified the biggest challenges faced, being – Diseases/Pests, Weather conditions, Irrigation, and Motor systems prices, farming expenditure, lack of government support, machinery, tools and more.
Why productivity is low in Ghana?
Reasons for the low productivity include poor farm maintenance practices, planting low-yielding vari- eties, and the incidence of pests and diseases (Anon., 1999; Abekoe et a!’ , zooz). Poor farm maintenance practices are attributed to the low prices paid to Ghanaian cocoa farmers (Anon., 1999).
Does Ghana produce cocoa?
Cocoa is now cultivated in six regions in Ghana: Western, Central, Brong Ahafo, Eastern, Ashanti and the Volta regions. At its peak it accounted for about 66% of the country’s foreign exchange though has now declined to around 35 -40%.
How much cocoa is produced in Ghana?
In 2019/2020, Ghana is estimated to have produced about 800 thousand tons of cocoa beans, a decrease from approximately 812 thousand tons in 2018/2019.
Which region produces more cocoa in Ghana?
Today, cocoa cultivation has spread across six regions of Ghana : Eastern, Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Volta and the Western region. Due to fluctuating rainfall and decreasing fertility of soils, production has moved westward to the point where the Western region is now Ghana’s main producer of cocoa.
Should Ghana specialize in the production and export of cocoa beans?
While much of Ghana s growth is attributable to global demand for its exports of cocoa beans, it is not to say that the coun- try should continue to specialise in their production in the long term. Both the Heckscher-Ohlin and the Ricardian model advocate specialisation based on comparative advantage.