What are two major natural features in North Africa quizlet?

What are two major natural features in North Africa?

North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.

What is the major landform of northern Africa quizlet?

Mountain range in northern Africa between Sahara and Mediterranean Sea; located in Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria. What is the major landform of northern Africa?

What does the Nile’s fertile delta have to do with the rise of ancient civilizations?

The Egyptian civilization developed in the fertile Nile River valley about 6,000 years ago. Annual floods from the Nile deposited rich soil on the floodplain. During dry seasons, Egyptians used sophisticated irrigation systems to water crops. This enabled farmers to grow two crops each year.

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What are 2 reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?

The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.

What are the main natural resources of North Africa?

North Africa has vast oil and natural gas deposits, the Sahara holds the most strategic nuclear ore, and resources such as coltan, gold, and copper, among many others, are abundant on the continent.

What major physical feature dominates Northern Africa?

Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River. The ethnic majority in the Maghreb are Berber, with Arabs dominating in Egypt.

What are the four landforms found in Africa?

What are the four major landforms in Africa? Africa and the Middle East have deserts, rivers, river valleys, highlands, valleys, plateaus, and areas of vegetation. Both the Middle East and Africa share struggles related to water availability in desert regions.

What is Africa Physical Geography?

Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. … Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.

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What landform covers most of Central Africa?

What landform covers most of Central Africa? Savannas, or grasslands, cover almost half of Africa, more than 13 million square kilometers (5 million square miles). These grasslands make up most of central Africa, beginning south of the Sahara and the Sahel and ending north of the continents southern tip.

What is a natural resource of North Africa that is often used in fertilizers?

One of the most promising resources is potash, a mined salt containing water-soluble potassium that is most often used in fertilizer.

How have North Africa’s natural resources influenced economic growth?

Wealth from oil, natural gas, and mining has helped develop economies in the subregion. Petroleum and oil products are North Africa’s main export goods. Natural gas is also a major export. Coal and copper mining and cement production are important as well.

What are the two rivers in the Fertile Crescent?

Two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates, regularly flooded the region, and the Nile River also runs through part of it. Irrigation and agriculture developed here because of the fertile soil found near these rivers.

What natural vegetation dominates most of North Africa?

Abstract. North Africa includes three climatic zones: Mediterranean, steppe, and desert. The Mediterranean climate is dominated by forests, steppe is dominated by herbaceous plants, and the desert supports few plants. Evergreen forests are typically dominated by Quercus suber with a maquis shrub layer.

What are North Africa’s main climates?

Inland, the countries of North Africa have semiarid and arid desert climates, which are marked by extremes in daily high and low temperatures, with hot summers and cold winters, and little rainfall—approximately 200 to 400 mm per year for semiarid regions and less than 100 mm per year for desert regions.

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What was the climate in North Africa?

North Africa has an arid desert climate, with high temperatures and very little precipitation (although temperatures in the mountains and the Sahara at nighttime can drop below freezing). Equatorial West and Central Africa have a monsoon climate defined by high temperatures, soaring humidity, and heavy seasonal rains.