In 2019, malaria accrued over 229 million cases globally; twenty-nine countries, sub-Saharan African region, accounted for the majority (95%) of these cases. Nigeria (27%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (3%) accounted for about 51% of all cases globally .
Where is malaria most common in Africa?
Most were in the WHO African Region, with an estimated 200 million cases, or 92% of global cases. In 2017, five countries accounted for nearly half of all malaria cases worldwide. Four of these were in Africa: Nigeria (25%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), and Uganda (4%).
Which country in Africa does not have malaria?
Algeria became the third country in Africa to be officially certified malaria-free in 2020 after Mauritius (1973) and Morocco (2010).
Is malaria common in Africa?
Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission.
What country has the most malaria?
Why is there no malaria in Europe?
Malaria was eradicated from Europe in the 1970s through a combination of insecticide spraying, drug therapy and environmental engineering. Since then, it has been mostly imported into the continent by international travellers and immigrants from endemic regions.
What race is most affected by malaria?
The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. In 2020, the region was home to 95% of malaria cases and 96% of malaria deaths. Children under 5 accounted for an estimated 80% of all malaria deaths in the Region.
Which country is free from malaria?
China is the first country in the WHO Western Pacific Region to be awarded a malaria-free certification in more than 3 decades.
How did Algeria get rid of malaria?
Algeria’s subsequent success in beating the disease is primarily due to a well-trained health workforce coupled with free healthcare; this allowed for effective prevention measures, early diagnosis and treatment of all malaria cases, and a rapid response to disease outbreaks.
How did Algeria become malaria-free?
Algeria’s subsequent success in beating the disease can be attributed primarily to a well-trained health workforce, the provision of malaria diagnosis and treatment through universal health care, and a rapid response to disease outbreaks.
Why is malaria not in the UK?
It doesn’t occur in the UK. It’s transmitted by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. There are 5 types of Plasmodium that cause the disease in humans; Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum ( P. falciparum) are the most common.
Is there malaria in Kenya?
In Kenya, there are an estimated 3.5 million new clinical cases and 10,700 deaths each year, and those living in western Kenya have an especially high risk of malaria. As it does in many countries around the world, CDC has worked closely with the Kenya Ministry of Health to fight malaria.
Is malaria a pandemic or epidemic?
HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria shouldn’t be labeled as “just” epidemics or endemic. They are pandemics that have been beaten in rich countries.
Why is malaria so common in Africa south of the Sahara?
It may be surprising that most cases occur on the African continent. Malaria is common in the area south of the Sahara Desert (called sub-Saharan Africa) because the disease spreads almost entirely in poor regions with tropical and subtropical climates. The local weather allows for transmission to occur year round.
How can malaria be prevented in Africa?
Repellents should be applied to bare skin, and clothes can be treated. Other ways to avoid being bitten include burning mosquito coils or using heated insecticide mats in living and sleeping areas at night, and using insecticide-treated mosquito nets.