Where does river Niger takes its source?
Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea near the Sierra Leone border. It runs in a crescent through Mali, Niger, on the border with Benin and then through Nigeria, discharging through a massive delta, known as the Niger Delta (or the Oil Rivers), into the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.
Who discovered source of river Niger?
1. Richard Lander and his brother were the first to follow the course of the River Niger from source to ocean. Although, it was discovered by Mungo Park who said that the river flows to the east. 2.
How was river Niger formed?
From there the Niger once dropped more than 1,000 feet (300 metres) in about 40 miles (60 km) into a valley formed by tectonic subsidence; but the rapids in this stretch have been submerged by the waters backed up by the Markala Dam, located some 150 miles (240 km) downstream of the Sotuba Dam near Sansanding.
What is the mouth of the Niger river?
The Niger River floods each year from September to May. The Niger River delta is home to the African Lion. The West African manatee, a creature near extinction lives in the Niger River. The Niger River has been an important source of water to those in its region since the first inhabitants settled there.
What is the original name of River Niger?
countries, though the whole basin covers nine countries of West Africa that together represent a kaleidoscope of cultures and landscapes. The original name of the river “egerou n-igereou”, which means the “river of rivers” was given by the Tuareg, expressing the exceptional character they attributed to it.
Who gave Nigeria name?
Like so many modern African states, Nigeria is the creation of European imperialism. Its very name – after the great Niger River, the country’s dominating physical feature – was suggested in the 1890s by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later became the wife of colonial governor Frederick Lugard.
How did Mungo found River Niger?
Starting on 21 June 1795 he travelled 200 miles up the Gambia River before striking out east into the unknown interior. At one point he was imprisoned by a Moorish chief for four months, but he escaped and eventually found the River Niger. After tracing its route for 300 miles he made his way back west to The Gambia.
Where is the Orange River?
The Orange River forms the border between the south of Namibia and South Africa. The most important tributary entering from Namibia is the Fish River, on which the Hardap dam was constructed in 1972.
What animals are in Niger?
Its arid land fauna consists of addax, dama and dorcas gazelles, cheetah, Barbary sheep and striped hyena, bustards (Nubian and Sudan) and spurred tortoise. It is also the habitat for the Critically Endangered dama gazelle.
What is the Niger river used for?
The Niger River and its Inner Delta are vital for agriculture, livestock, fisheries, transport, energy, tourism, and water filtration, as well as as a habitat for a range of fish and other aquatic animals, including a variety of protected species.
Is the Niger river the longest river in Africa?
The Niger River, with a total length of about 4100 km, is the third-longest river in Africa, after the Nile and the Congo/Zaire Rivers, and the longest and largest river in West Africa. The source of the Niger River farthest away from the mouth is in the mountains of Guinea near the border with Sierra Leone.
Which river crosses the equator twice?
The Congo River zigzags across the equator twice as it flows from eastern Africa, through the Congo rainforest, all the way to the Atlantic Ocean, according to Mongabay, a nonprofit environmental science and conservation news site.
Where river Niger and river Benue meet is called?
Lokoja is mostly known and celebrated for is its confluence. Lokoja, it is, where the two great rivers: Niger and Benue meet.